Most crisis hotlines in the U.S. use nonconsensual intervention, usually with police if they determine a caller is an “imminent risk.”
Research has shown these nonconsensual interventions actually increase rates of suicidality. This decreases trust in crisis hotlines.
These interventions often cause more short- and long-term trauma, disproportionately to people of color, trans people, minors, undocumented people, and people living with mental health disabilities.
Every year, dozens of these interactions turn fatal.